Types Of Air Conditioning Units

Types of Air Conditioning Units

When looking for the right HVAC system, you may be overwhelmed by all the different options. It might feel like you will never find the right unit with so many different systems to choose from. However, we have taken the time to break it down into much simpler terms to make research a bit easier for you. Take a look at the four main types of HVAC systems to figure out which one will work best for you.

Heating and Air Conditioning Split Systems

This system is the most common of the four main types of HVAC systems mainly because it works well for both big and small houses. Each system contains components found both inside and outside of the house that work together to ensure your house reaches an ideal temperature. Such components are:

  • An air conditioner that cools the refrigerant
  • Furnace
  • A fan or evaporator coil that converts the refrigerant and circulates air
  • Ducts that carry air throughout your building
  • A thermostat
  • Air cleaners, purifiers, humidifiers, and UV lamps are optional

Hybrid Heat Split System

While heating and air conditioning split systems are the more popular choice, hybrid heat split systems are quickly on the rise. The main difference between these two units is that the hybrid lets you switch your heat pump to be used for electricity instead of gas. Although it may not seem like a major upgrade from the other units, having the option to switch fueling sources can save you money in the long run. The system includes:

  • A heat pump to cool or heat the refrigerant
  • Furnace
  • A fan or evaporator coil that converts the refrigerant and circulates air
  • The ducts to channel the air around your building
  • A thermostat
  • Air cleaners, purifiers, humidifiers, and UV lamps are optional

Packaged Heating and Air Conditioning System

In the event that your house or business does not have the room for the different components in a split system, a packaged system may be your best option. The unit can cover your entire home, or a single space depending on what you need, and is always located outside. The system includes:

  • The air conditioner/heat pump together with the evaporator/fan coil in one unit
  • Thermostat for control of the system
  • Air cleaners, purifiers, humidifiers, and UV lamps are optional

Duct-Free Split System

The final may sound odd, but it is true that some places do not need ducts. If you fall into this category, having a duct-free split system will probably work best for you. It is an efficient system that can help reduce energy and cost for you. The system includes:

  • A heat pump or air conditioner to heat/control refrigerant
  • A compact fan coil
  • Wires and tubing for refrigerant that connect to the outdoor unit to the fan coil
  • A thermostat
  • Air cleaners, purifiers, humidifiers, and UV lamps are optional